Meghalaya, Manipur Out of 5 states, ‘alternative level’ has not yet reached fertility.


New Delhi: Although the overall decline in India’s growth rate has been encouraging, there are still extensive inter-regional variations in which five states have not yet achieved the alternative level of fertility rate of 2.1 – the rate at which But a population changes itself from one generation to the next. Next – (NFHS) according to the National Family Health Survey-5.

These states are Bihar (2.98), Meghalaya (2.91), Uttar Pradesh (2.35), Jharkhand (2.26) and Manipur (2.17), according to NFHS-5 conducted from 2019-21.According to the report, India has made significant progress in population control measures in recent times, including a total fertility rate (TFR), average number of children per woman, between NFHS-4 and 5 nationally. Decreased from 2.2 to 2. .

Poonam Matreja, Executive Director, Population Foundation of India, said, “Given the huge population size and deep demographic diversity in the country, states will need contextual policies and programs that address the various stages of population change. Will be passing through. ”
“The country needs to prioritize investment in providing quality sexual and reproductive health information and services, education, skills development and gender equality measures for the young population,” he said. “Our experience shows that targeted Communication campaigns for social and behavioral change can address social norms, harmful practices, and promote men’s participation in family planning.


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